There are some countries in the world without any prisons. This is because the crime rate in the country is extremely low. They may have prisons alright, but only few people go there. Let’s take a look at these countries.
Norway is known for its humane approach to criminal justice. The country emphasizes rehabilitation over punishment, with a focus on reintegration into society. Prisons in Norway are designed to resemble small communities, providing vocational training, education, and mental health support. The maximum sentence is 21 years, but it can be extended if an individual is deemed a threat to society.
Iceland has a low crime rate, and its correctional system is oriented towards reintegration and community involvement. The emphasis is on restorative justice, where offenders are encouraged to repair the harm caused by their actions. The country has a small prison population, and sentences are relatively short, with a focus on addressing the root causes of criminal behavior.
Seychelles’ relatively low crime rate can be attributed to several factors. It is the only African country in the list. The country has a stable political environment, a strong focus on tourism, and a relatively small population. The government has implemented effective law enforcement measures and community policing strategies. Additionally, Seychelles benefits from its geographic isolation, which can contribute to better control over its borders and reduced external threats. However, it’s crucial to note that maintaining a low crime rate is an ongoing effort that involves various social, economic, and political factors.
Finland follows a rehabilitative approach to criminal justice, with an emphasis on reducing reoffending. The correctional system focuses on education, vocational training, and therapy to address underlying issues. Open prisons are common, where inmates have more freedom and responsibilities. Finland also employs electronic monitoring and community service as alternatives to imprisonment.
Sweden’s criminal justice system emphasizes the principle of normalization, aiming to create conditions in prison that resemble life outside. Inmates are provided with education, job training, and rehabilitation programs. Sweden places a strong focus on social reintegration and providing support to individuals to prevent recidivism. Sentences are often shorter, and there is an emphasis on alternatives to imprisonment.
6. New Zealand
New Zealand employs a restorative justice approach, emphasizing healing for both victims and offenders. The country has a focus on community-based solutions, including family group conferences where those affected by a crime come together to discuss the impact and agree on resolutions. New Zealand also explores alternatives to imprisonment, aiming to address the root causes of criminal behavior.
These countries share a common thread in prioritizing rehabilitation, education, and community involvement over punitive measures in their criminal justice systems.